Boudhanath, located about 8 kilometres from the centre of Kathmandu, is one of the world’s largest stupas. The base of the stupa is composed of three successive mandalas, geometrical representations of the cosmos. The base itself represents the element earth, the dome on top of it symbolizes water, the cube represents fire, and the finial represents air. Finally, the culminating flame symbolizes ether. This great stupa is much like Swayambhunath except for its finial. Also, it is much bigger and lies on the valley floor. This stupa is said to build in the 5th-century A.D. The site attracts the highest numbers of Buddhists pilgrims from all over the Himalayan region, and indeed the world.
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