Standing on the Red Hill along Beijing C. Road, the Potala Palace is the highest building of its kind in the world. The palace was first built in the seventh century, only to be damaged in the eighth century. In the 17th century, it was rebuilt by the Fifth Dalai Lama over a period of three years. Its 13-story main building is 117 meters high and is composed of the Red and White Palaces, with the red one situated in the middle. The main building consists of the Hall of Stupas of Dalai Lamas (from various historical epochs) and halls of Buddhas. The White Palace was the residence of the Dalai Lama, and the place for attending to political affairs.
The Potala Palace houses a large number of rare cultural relics including the palm-leaf scriptures from India, the Kagyur and the imperial edicts, golden seals and titles of nobility sent from the Qing emperors to the Dalai Lamas.